In order to handling materials in vertical axis from one point to the other in higher altitude is applied. Materials charged and discharged in linked buckets to a chain and evacuated in the highest altitude.A mechanism for hauling flow able bulk materials (most often grain or fertilizer) vertically.
It consists of:
1. Buckets to contain the material;
2. A belt to carry the buckets and transmit the pull;
3. Means to drive the belt;
4. Accessories for loading the buckets or picking up the
material, for receiving the discharged material, for maintaining the
belt tension and for enclosing and protecting the elevator.
A bucket elevator can elevate a variety of bulk materials from light to heavy and from fine to large lumps.
A centrifugal discharge elevator may be vertical or inclined.
Vertical elevators depend entirely on the action of centrifugal force to
get the material into the discharge chute and must be run at speeds
relatively high. Inclined elevators with buckets spaced apart or set
close together may have the discharge chute set partly under the head
pulley. Since they don't depend entirely on the centrifugal force to put
the material into the chute, the speed may be relatively lower.
Nearly all centrifugal discharge elevators have spaced buckets with
rounded bottoms. They pick up their load from a boot, a pit, or a pile
of material at the foot pulley.
The buckets can be also triangular in cross section and set close to
on the belt with little or no clearance between them. This is a
continuous bucket elevator. Its main use is to carry difficult materials
at slow speed.